Herbert Spencer "Survival of the fittest"
A narrow profile of Herbert Spencer (1820 - 1903) which appears to remain very much current today, in support of the quote "The great aim of education is not knowledge but action".
"The Victorian biologist and early social philosopher Herbert Spencer was a great rival of Charles Darwin's. His theory of evolution preceded Darwin's own, but was soon overshadowed because of the absence of an effective theory of natural selection - although it was Spencer, and not Darwin, who popularized the term "evolution" itself and coined the now-ubiquitous phrase, "survival of the fittest". ." from HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT website.